Dr. Alexander Spermann is a labor market expert who combines academic excellence with practical experience in the non-academic world. He completed his doctorate in 1992 and his habilitation thesis in 1999. He has been Assistant Professor (1993-1999) and subsequently Associate Professor at the University of Freiburg. He was Head of Department Labor Economics at the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in Mannheim (2002-2007) and Director of Labor Policy Germany at the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn (2014-2016). He has published more than 100 scientific contributions and has given more than 200 national and international lectures. Furthermore, he worked as a journalist, lecturer and coach for seven years and as a director at an international stock-listed company for another seven years (Randstad, 2007-2014). Spermann belongs among the 100 most influential economists in Germany according to the FAZ ranking 2016. He continues his career as an economic consultant as of 2017.