Dr. Alexander Spermann is a labor market expert who combines academic excellence with practical experience in the non-academic world. He has published more than 100 scientific contributions and has given more than 200 national and international lectures in most European countries as well as the U.S., Argentina, Japan, China and South Korea. He completed his doctorate in 1992 and his habilitation thesis in 1999. He has been Assistant Professor (1993-1999) and subsequently Associate Professor at the University of Freiburg. He was Head of Department Labor Economics at the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in Mannheim (2002-2007) and Director of Labor Policy Germany at the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn (2014-2016). Furthermore, he worked as a journalist, lecturer and coach for seven years and as a director at an international stock-listed company for another seven years (Randstad, 2007-2014). Spermann belongs among the 100 most influential economists in Germany according to the FAZ ranking 2016. He continues his career as an economic consultant as of 2017.